North Carolina’s Easter Monday tradition forged on the baseball diamond

By Dallas Woodhouse

Raleigh, NC – On Good Friday state offices will be closed in North Carolina for Holy Week, along with 10 other states. However, that has not always been the case in North Carolina.

white baseball ball on brown leather baseball mitt
Photo by Steshka Willems

The Monday after Easter—rather than Good Friday — was a legal holiday in North Carolina for 52 years, and for many years before by tradition. The bill establishing the holiday was introduced by state Senator Paul Davis Grady of Johnston County in 1935.

This Easter Monday will see a new team hoist the 2021 NCAA Men’s Basketball National Championship trophy, a championship brought home to Tobacco Road a combined 13 times between Duke (5) N.C. State (2) and U.N.C. (6).

Basketball is often king, yet for the first half of the 20th century, the biggest sport in North Carolina was baseball, and the biggest sporting event from the late 1800s to the mid-1950s was an Easter Monday baseball rivalry between Wake Forest and North Carolina State. Back then the two schools were separated by 30 miles.

According to Wake Forest University, Easter Monday games in Raleigh resembled 21st-century college football. Special trains were scheduled to bring fans to Raleigh from across the state. The stands were packed, and the crowds were enormous, sometimes drawing as many as 7,000 fans for a game.

Wake Forest and N.C. State (then known as North Carolina A&M) played their first baseball game against each other in 1894, with the Deacs taking a 15-4 win.

The first time the Deacons met N.C. State on Easter Monday was on April 16, 1900. The Pack scored the lone run in the ninth inning for a 1-0 win.

The two rivals met again on Easter Monday on April 8, 1901. It wasn’t until 1907 that the two schools started what would become an outstanding spring tradition.

N.C. State vs. Wake Forest Baseball, Easter Monday 1939 (NCSU Archives).

In 1908, The Winston-Salem Journal estimated the crowd at 4,000 enthusiastic fans. The crowd was estimated at 3,000 in 1909, and by 1911 the papers were calling it “the largest crowd ever seen at the park.” A crowd of 7,000 witnessed the 1925 game.

The history is well documented in Hickory native Tim Peeler’s 2013 book, The Easter Monday Baseball Game.

As noted in Peeler’s well researched historical account:

From 1899 Easter Monday developed into the greatest social event in North Carolina. The 3 girl colleges in Raleigh (Peace, St. Mary’s, and Baptist Female University (BFU), now Meredith) helped make it an outstanding Easter Parade leading all the females in the area to wearing Easter hats, dresses, and corsages to the ballgame.

The state legislature began adjourning to attend the game in their special carriages and/or automobiles.

In an interview with CJ, Peeler noted that the social aspect was often more important than the game results.

“Newspaper accounts paid great attention to the women who attended, what they wore, where they came from, what parties they attended, and who were their dates,” said Peeler.

That night, April 16, 1906, the Alpha Epsilon Chapter of Pi Kappa Alpha at A.&M. hosted the first of over 50 consecutive Easter Monday dances, known as the “Pika Ball”. In future years, N.C. governors attended the dance and the social sections in the local paper reported names of girls attending with their dates.

By 1907, the Seaboard Railroad was running newspaper ads about special excursion round trip trains from Henderson, Franklinton, Louisburg, Wake Forest, Norlina, and Oxford to Raleigh.

In 1923, the Pika Ball had over 4,000 in attendance. The Pika Ball spawned a post-Easter Mardi Gras with Raleigh social clubs all having socials that often coincided with dances following Easter Monday.

Easter Monday game at Wake Forest (Via W. Forest archives).

On April 19, 1935 (Good Friday), the N.C. General Assembly passed a law that made the following Easter Monday, April 22, a state holiday for government workers and for banks and business so everyone could go to the State-Wake Easter Monday baseball game.

N.C. State hosted 58 Easter Monday games from 1899-1956. The crowds began to thin during World War II and students spending Easter at the beach became more routine. In 1956, Wake Forest moved to Winston Salem.

The legal Easter Monday holiday continued through April 20, 1987.

On March 31, 1988, several days before Easter Monday (April 4, 1988), Lew Powell, staff writer for the Charlotte Observer wrote, “the holiday that baseball birthed, banks have buried.”

As North Carolina started becoming a large banking headquarters, the lending institutions pressured the General Assembly to change the holiday from Monday to Good Friday, thereby joining the rest of the banks in the U.S. The legislature changed the state holiday to Good Friday, effective in 1988.

North Carolina was the last state in the union to recognize Easter Monday as a holiday.

Historical records from N.C. State and Wake Forest University were used in this report, as well as information from Tim Peeler’s book, The Easter Monday Baseball Game, available at Amazon.

Highlights of the Easter Monday baseball games from 1899 to 1956.